Which ships need to be registered..??
Any ship over 100 GT irrespective of whether it is a cargo vessel, fishing vessel, passenger vessel etc, has to be registered..
This registration grants the ship physical and legal protection of that flag/flag state which may be applied to vital areas such as safety of cargo and life of those on board the ship..
But ships need not necessarily be registered under a country’s own flag, for example a British ship need not be registered mandatorily under the British Flag or UK Ships register.. It may be registered with registries other than the British Registry..
Upon registration, the ship will be assigned an Official Number by the register that the ship is registered with.. The Official Number is different from the IMO number above in that, if the ship changes its port of registration, then there will be a different Official Number where as the IMO number stays the same..
Freedom is the guiding principle of the law of the sea and as per these principles,
- a ship of any nation can navigate the oceans freely;
- the ship’s national state has exclusive dominion over the ship; and
- no other nation can exercise dominion over that ship.